Your period can bring a degree of discomfort and inconvenience, but it shouldn’t cause you to alter your normal routine to accommodate pain and heavy bleeding. If your periods get in the way of your day-to-day life, schedule a visit with a team member at the Women's Health Specialists in Orlando, Florida. A thorough exam can determine what’s causing your painful periods and what can be done to find lasting relief. You can book your visit online 24 hours a day, or over the phone during business hours.
Dysmenorrhea is the medical term used to describe abnormally painful periods. While a certain amount of cramping and discomfort is normal for a couple of days during your period, some women experience far more intense pain that interrupts their normal routines.
There are two types of dysmenorrhea: primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea is the “normal” discomfort that stems from cramping as your body sheds its uterine lining. Secondary dysmenorrhea is period pain that stems from a reproductive disorder.
A number of things can cause significant pain during your period. Some of the more common causes of secondary dysmenorrhea include:
Because there are so many potential causes of dysmenorrhea, it’s a good idea to see a women’s health specialist to determine the source of your pain. If possible, track any pelvic pain you experience using a calendar or period tracking app in the weeks leading up to your appointment. That information can help your doctor determine the cause of your dysmenorrhea.
Your treatment plan depends on the cause of your dysmenorrhea. For example, if you receive a diagnosis of endometriosis, you might need medications to control pain and surgery to remove the abnormally sited endometrial tissue.
If you have uterine fibroids, there are treatments that can cut off the blood supply to those abnormal growths, and surgical options can remove larger fibroids. Pelvic inflammatory disease can be treated with antibiotics.
If there is no clear cause of your dysmenorrhea, treatment might focus on lessening your menstrual bleeding, which in turn reduces cramping. Hormonal birth control options can make your periods lighter or even eliminate monthly bleeding altogether. You can choose from birth control pills, patches, vaginal rings, injections, intrauterine devices, and implants.
Once bleeding is reduced, you should be able to manage period pain with over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications. Your gynecologist can help you find the medications best suited for your level of pain.
Don’t live with extreme period pain when there are safe and effective treatments available. Schedule an appointment with Women’s Health Specialists online or by phone today to begin exploring options for relief.